6 TOXIC FREE NAIL POLISH BRANDS



Why You Should Only Use Non-Toxic Nail Polish 


There's no denying the nail industry has been the object of some pretty negative publicity over the years. Whether it's the dreaded salon sanitation issues most of us worry about when getting a mani/pedi. Or the highly toxic ingredients in nail polish. And who can forget the shocking New York Times exposé on New York nail salons?

But, some very positive news is that brands have been forced to change their formulas due to a 2015 study conducted by Duke University and the Environmental Working Group (EWG).

Researchers tested 26 women who had recently painted their nails and found a chemical called Triphenyl phosphate (TPHP) in every participant.

THHP is a suspected endocrine-disruptor found in plastic and flame retardant foam, and if you wear nail polish, possibly in your body too!

Out of more than 3,000 nail polishes in the EWG's Skin Deep database half contain TPHP.

This study changed everything for women who regularly use nail polish. And luckily, it changed a lot for brands too. They have steadily been removing toxic ingredients from their formulas.


Which brings us to today's topic. I'm sure you have seen nail polishes labelled as 3 Free, 5 Free, 7 Free, and all the way up to 10 Free. But what does it all mean?


Let's decipher what's in and what's out of these toxic-free polishes. Plus my top favs!




3 FREE

These nail polishes are formulated without "The Toxic Trio"


DIBUTYL PHTHALATE(DBP)

DBP is used in nail polish as a solvent for dyes, and as a plasticiser that prevents polish from becoming brittle. It is also used in PVC to render it flexible. It is a suspected endocrine disruptor.


TOLUENE

Class as highly toxic on the EWG's Skin Deep database toluene is used in nail polish to achieve a smooth application and finish. Repeated and prolonged exposure to toluene can cause abnormal fetal development in pregnant women, reproductive toxicity, respiratory issues, dermatitis & studies on animals have shown it to be linked to several types of blood cancer.


FORMALDEHYDE 

Scoring an 8-10 on the EWG's Skin Deep database formaldehyde is a known human carcinogen linked to nasal and lung cancer by The International Agency for Research on Cancer. It is used as a nail-hardening agent in nail polish and strengthener.





5 FREE

These nail polishes are formulated without "the toxic trio" plus 2 other toxic chemicals



TOSYLAMIDE / FORMALDEHYDE RESIN 

Tosylamide is a very unique resin that modifies the polymers in nail polish to form tough and shiny films (chip-proof, glossy coats). It is a derivative of formaldehyde mainly used in coatings and adhesives. Although it has not been linked to cancer like regular formaldehyde, it is known to cause dermatitis and is listed on The Contact Dermatitis Institute's Allergen Database. It may also contain residual levels of formaldehyde.


CAMPHOR 

Derived from the wood of the camphor tree this is a scented substance that can cause nausea and headaches when inhaled, especially in large doses making it a very concerning chemical for nail technicians. Camphor is used to soften synthetic polymers and like DBP. It is used in nail polish to increase flexibility and durability.





7 FREE

These formulas are free from DBP, Toluene, Formaldehyde, Tosylamide, Camphor and;



TRIPHENYL PHOSPHATE (TPHP)

TPHP is kind of responsible for the whole toxic-free nail polish movement. It was found to get into women's bodies in the 2015 Duke University study, and seeing as it's used in plastics to improve flexibility and as a flame retardant, that a huge concern. Studies suggest it could be an endocrine disruptor, potentially affecting reproductive health and lipid metabolism. This is where the headline  "nail polish makes you fat" comes from!


XYLENE

A solvent used in nail polish to help prevent them from going gloopy xylene is irritating to the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. It can cause systemic toxicity by ingestion and inhalation. Xylene exposure also increases oxidative stress.




The 'toxic' number brands claim to be free from keeps on climbing with 8 -Free, 9-Free and 12-Free products on offer. However, the majority of the ingredients are often not harmful or are not typically used in nail polishes anymore. 

Read the label and avoid the brands that have any of the above ingredients on their labels!